Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the latter 20th century. The second war and its famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades.
A separate conflict broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003 displacing nearly two million people and causing an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.
World Jewish Relief supports education programmes for conflict-affecred children and youth from Darfur living in the Oure Cassoni camp over the border in Chad. These programmes promote psychosocial wellbeing, increase knowledge and skills and ehance protection. All refugee children of school-going age are ensured pre-school, primary and secondary education.
Population = 45,047,502
Life expectancy at birth = 55 years
Population below poverty line = 40%
Unemployment rate = 18.7%
GDP per capita = $2,300
Inflation rate = 13.1%