India's long term challenges include its widespread poverty, with over a third of its population living on less than a dollar a day. Challenges also include its inadequate physical and social infrastructure, limited employment opportunities, and insufficient access to basic and higher education. A growing population and changing demographics will only exacerbate its social, economic, and environmental problems, increasing their need for welfare and development support.
India's diverse economy encompasses traditional village farming, modern agriculture, handicrafts, a wide range of modern industries, and a multitude of services. Slightly more than half of the work force is in agriculture, but services are the major source of economic growth.
The Jewish population of approximately 5,000, mostly live in and around Mumbai and are part of the Bene Israel community which traces its roots in the country back to the destruction of the First Temple in 586 BCE. The community has shrunk recently, mainly due to emigration.
Population = 1,173,108,018
Life expectancy at birth = 66 years
Population below poverty line = 25%
Unemployment rate = 10.8%
GDP per capita = $3,400
Inflation rate = 11.7%